European Elephant Management

Prof. Dr. Günther B. Hartl

NAME : Prof. Dr. Günther B. Hartl


Günther Hartl earned his PhD at the University of Vienna in 1983. He has been a Research Associate and Head of the Laboratory of Ecological Genetics at the Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, from 1984 to 1994. Since 1994 he is Professor of Zoology at Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel.
His research interests include conservation genetics and game management, man as a factor of evolution in medium-sized and large mammals, biological significance of genetic diversity within and among populations, evolution of vertebrate populations in the cultivated landscape, and relationships between molecular and morphological variation. He is president of the German Society of Mammalogy and his group has been involved in projects on conservation genetics in various regions of Europe as well as in South Africa, Peru, and Southeast Asia.


HAJJI, G. M., CHARFI-CHEIKROUHA, F., LORENZINI, R., VIGNE, J.-D., HARTL, G. B., ZACHOS, F. E. (2008): Phylogeography and founder effect of the endangered Corsican red deer (Cervus elaphus corsicanus). Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 659-673.

HAJJI, G. M., ZACHOS, F. E., CHARFI-CHEIKROUHA, F., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Conservation genetics of the imperilled Barbary red deer in Tunisia. Animal Conservation 10: 229-235.

ZACHOS, F. E., ALTHOFF, C., STEYNITZ, Y. v., ECKERT, I., HARTL, G. B. (2007): Genetic analysis of an isolated red deer (Cervus elaphus) population showing signs of inbreeding depression. European Journal of Wildlife Research 53:61-67.

HMWE, S. S., ZACHOS, F. E., ECKERT, I., LORENZINI, R., FICO, R., HARTL, G. B. (2006): Conservation genetics of the endangered red deer from Sardinia and Mesola with further remarks on the phylogeography of Cervus elaphus corsicanus. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 88: 691-701.

GROBLER, J. P., HARTL, G. B., GROBLER, N., KOTZE, A., BOTHA, K., TIEDEMANN, R. (2005): The genetic status of an isolated black wildebeest (Connochaetes gnou) population from the Abe Bailey Nature Reserve, South Africa: Microsatellite data on a putative past hybridization with blue wildebeest (C. taurinus). Mammalian Biology 70: 35-45.

FEULNER, P. G. D., BIELFELDT, W., ZACHOS, F. E., BRADVAROVIC, J., ECKERT, I., HARTL, G. B. (2004): Mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite analyses of the genetic status of the presumed subspecies Cervus elaphus montanus (Carpathian red deer). Heredity 93: 299-306.

HARTL, G. B.; ZACHOS, F.; NADLINGER, K. (2003): Genetic diversity in European red deer (Cervus elaphus L.): anthropogenic influences on natural populations. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326 S1, S37-S42.

CASSENS, I.; TIEDEMANN, R.; SUCHENTRUNK, F.; HARTL, G. B. (2000): MtDNA variation in the European otter Lutra lutra and the use of spatial autocorrelation in conservation. Journal of Heredity 91: 31-35.

HARTL, G. B.; HEWISON, A. J. M.; APOLLONIO, M.; KURT, F.; WIEHLER, J. (1998): Genetics of European roe deer. In: R. ANDERSEN, P.

DUNCAN, J. D. C. LINNELL (eds.): The European Roe Deer: The Biology of Success. Scandinavian University Press, Oslo: 71-90.

TIEDEMANN, R.; KURT, F.; HABERHAUER, A.; HARTL, G. B. (1998): Differences in spatial genetic population structure between African and Asian elephant (Loxodonta africana, Elephas maximus) as revealed by sequence analysis of the mitochondrial Cyt b gene. Acta Theriologica, Suppl. 5: 123-134.

HARTL, G. B.; KURT, F.; TIEDEMANN, R.; GMEINER, C.; NADLINGER, K.; KHYNE U MAR; RÜBEL, A. (1996): Population genetics and systematics of Asian elephant (Elephas maximus): A study based on sequence variation at the Cyt b gene of PCR-amplified mitochondrial DNA from hair bulbs. Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 61: 285-294.

HARTL, G. B.; KURT, F.; HEMMER, W.; NADLINGER, K. (1995): Electrophoretic and chromosomal variation in captive Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Zoo Biology 14: 87-95.

HARTL, G. B.; LAIKRE, L.; OLECH, W.; UDINA, I. G.; SIPKO, T. S.; BELOUSOVA, I.; KRASOCHKO, P. A. (1995): Genetic Status of the European bison. In: Z. PUCEK; U. S. SEAL; MILLER, P. S. (eds.). Population and Habitat Viability Assessment for the European bison (Bison bonasus). IUCN/SSC Conservation Breeding Specialist Group: Apple Valley, Minnesota, USA: 91-96.

HARTL, G. B.; SUCHENTRUNK, F.; WILLING, R.; PETZNEK, R. (1995): Allozyme heterozygosity and fluctuating asymmetry in the brown hare (Lepus europaeus): A test of the developmental homeostasis hypothesis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 350: 313-323.

KURT, F.; HARTL, G. B. (1995): Socio-ethogram of adult males versus biochemical-genetic variation in assessing phylogenetic relationships of Caprinae. Acta Theriologica, Suppl. 3: 183-197.

KURT, F.; HARTL, G. B.; TIEDEMANN, R. (1995): Tuskless bulls in Asian elephant (Elephas maximus L.): History and population genetics of a man-made phenomenon. Acta Theriologica, Suppl. 3: 125-143.

HARTL, G. B.; HELL, P. (1994): Maintenance of high levels of genetic variation in spite of a severe bottleneck in population size: the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in the Western Carpathians. Biodiversity and Conservation 3: 546-554.

HARTL, G. B; PUCEK, Z. (1994): Genetic depletion in the European bison (Bison bonasus) and the significance of electrophoretic heterozygosity for conservation. Conservation Biology 8: 167-174.

KURT, F.; HARTL, G. B.; VÖLK, F. (1993): Breeding strategies and genetic variation in European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) populations. Acta Theriologica 38, Suppl. 2: 187-194.

HARTL, G. B.; LANG, G.; KLEIN, F.; WILLING, R. (1991): Relationships between allozymes, heterozygosity and morphological characters in red deer (Cervus elaphus), and the influence of selective hunting on allele frequency distributions. Heredity 66: 343-350.

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