European Elephant Management

Dr. med. vet. Thomas Bernd Hildebrandt

Email: Hildebrand@izw-berlin.de
Internet: http://www.IZW-BERLIN.de

Birth Date: July, 16, 1963
Location: Berlin, Germany

Present Address: Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research
Alfred-Kowalke-Str.17
10315 Berlin, Germany
Tel + 49-30-5168-209
Fax + 49-30-5126104

Education

Board certification for zoo and wildlife medicine (Fachtierarzt) : June 1997
2nd degree in veterinary medicine: Freie Universität Berlin, Dept. of Veterinary
Medicine with a dissertation entitled: “Studies on ovarian transplantation in golden hamsters, mice and African goats”, FU Berlin, Dec. 1993

Veterinary registration: Feb. 1992

Employment

Head, Dept. Reproduction Management: March 1997 – present, Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research (IZW), Berlin

Head, Research Group Ultrasound: Jan. 1995 – Feb. 1997, IZW

Scientific researcher: Feb. 1992 - 1994, IZW

Pathology assistant: March 1985 – Aug. 1986, veterinary pathology of the faculty of veterinary medicine, Humboldt-University Berlin

Farm worker: Sept. to Nov. 1982 and April 1984 to Feb. 1985

Army: Nov. 1982 – March 1984

Thomas Hildebrandt has worked at the Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research in Berlin since 1987. As head of the newly founded department Reproduction Management in 1997, he was responsible for the development and establishment of the future direction of this new research segment at IZW. The combination of basic and applied reproductive science in non-domestic species was responsible for the national and international success of his team reflected by over 20 field projects and intensive collaborations with over 60 zoological institutions (A fertile mind on Wildlife Conservation’s front lines (2001), Sience 294, 1271-1272). The research focuses on the mechanisms of evolved reproductive strategies and the development and application of new assisted reproduction technologies for propagation or control in selected species. His expertise in reproduction biology and pathology in elephants and rhinoceros is recognized worldwide. His development of a non-surgical AI technique in elephants was a key innovation that made artificial insemination successful in the species. It culminated in the successful insemination of 6 African and 1 Asian elephants over the last three years.

Scientific Awards

  1. Poster – Award, Wildlife Biology Symposium, Hannover
  2. Poster – Award, §rd Intern. Symp. on Physiolog. & Ethol. of Wild and Zoo Animals, Berlin Tony Bubenik Memorial Award International Deer Biology Congress
  3. Poster – Award, Intern. Symp. Physiol. Ethol. Wild and Zoo Anim Honourable Award „Short - Term Visitor Award at the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park Award of Excellence for the poster presentation, 28th Congress for Physiology and Pathology of Reproduction
    Award of Excellence for the presentation, Swiss Society for Ultrasound and Biology

Membership in scientific committee

Research associate, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, USA
Advisory board of the International Elephant Foundation (IEF)
American Institute for Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM), Scientific board, section veterinary medicine and animal application
Member, scientific advisory council 24. DREILÄNDERTREFFEN der ÖGUM; DEGUM; SGUMB, 2000

Invited Symposia with Presentations:

Symposium "Zeitgemäße Wildtierhaltung als Herausforderung für Amtstierärzte", Wien, Austria, 9.09.-11.09.2001, Presentation: Elefanten und altersbedingte Zuchterkrankungen, alternative Managementlösungen.
International Rhino Keeper Workshop 2001, San Diego Wild Animal Park, 08.05.2001, Presentation: Reproductive Anatomy.
25. Dreiländertreffen, Nürnberg, Germany, 26.09.-29.09.2001. Presentation: State-of-the-art-lecture Ultraschall in der Kinderwunsch Sprechstunde.
Deutschsprachiges Elefantenpfleger-Treffen, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 7.02.-9.02.2001, Presentation: Herpes Virus infection in elephants.
EUROSON / BMUS 2001 Annual Scientific Meeting, Edinburgh, UK, 11.12.-14.12.2001, Presentation: Developments in reproductive ultrasound in wild animals.
3. European Workshop on training elephants for medical care , treatment and research, Wien, 23.03. – 27.03.2000, Presentation: Herpesvirusinfection in captive Asian elephants.
The London Zoological Society: Proc. Symposium on Reproduction and Integrated Conservation Science, London, UK, November 8 – 9, 2000, Presentation: Ultrasound for the diagnosis of reproductive disorders. Animal conservation.
International Embryo Transfer Society 2000 Conference, January, 2000, Maastricht, The Netherlands, Presentation: Ultrasonography as an important tool for the development and application of reproductive technologies in nondomestic species.
3. Komodo Dragon Conference, International Development in Captive Managment of Varanus komodoensis, November, 1998, Thoiry, France; Presentation: Sex determination and reproductive assessment in komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) by using transintestinal ultrasound.
Elephant Manager Association, 17. Meeting, September, 1998, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA, Presentation: Successful artificial insemination of an African elephant at the Indianapolis Zoo.
3. Elephant Research Conference, June, 1998, Springfield, Missouri, USA, Presentation: Recent advances in elephant reproductive strategies.
2. Elephant Research Conference, June, 1997, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA; Presentation: Ultrasonographic and spermatological investigation of the ejaculatory process in male Asian elephants.
IUCN / SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group & Ministry of Forestry, VII Intern. Seminar on Conservation of Asian elephants, February, 1997, Yangon, Myanmar; Presentation: Ultrasonographic guidance of the artificial insemination in Asian elephant.
1. Elephant Research Conference, June, 1996, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA; Presentation: Ultrasonography as a tool in reproductive assessment in elephant.
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians annual conference, August, 1995; East Lansing, Michigan, USA; Presentation: Ultrasonography as a tool in propagation of zoo animals.

Publications: (selected from peer-reviewed manuscripts)

HILDEBRANDT, T. B. and F. GÖRITZ (1995): Ultrasonography as a tool in propagation of zoo animals and wildlife. Proc. Annu. Meet. Am. Assoc. Zoo Vet. 356-364.

HILDEBRANDT, T. B., GÖRITZ, F., BOSCH, H., SEIDEL, B. and C. PITRA (1996): Ultrasonographic sexing and reproductive assessment of penguins. Penguin Conservation, 4, 6-12.

HILDEBRANDT, T. B., GÖRITZ, F., PITRA, C., SPELMAN, L. H., WALSH, T. A., ROSSCOE, R. and N. C. PATT (1996): Sonomorphological sex determination in subadult komodo dragons. Proc. Annu. Meet. Am. Assoc. Zoo. Vet., Pp. 251-254.

MONTALI, R. J., HILDEBRANDT, T.B., GÖRITZ F., HERMES, R., IPPEN, R. and E. RAMSAY (1997):
Ultrasonography and pathology of genital tract leiomyomas in captive Asian elephants: Implications for eproductive soundness. Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 38, 253-258.

HILDEBRANDT, T.B. GÖRITZ, F., STETTER, M. D., HERMES, R. and R. R. HOFMANN (1998):
Applications of sonography in vertebrates. Zoology, 101, 64-73.

HILDEBRANDT, T.B., GÖRITZ, F., PRATT, N. C., SCHMITT, D. L., QUANDT, S., RAATH, J. and R. R. HOFMANN (1998): Reproductive assessment of male elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus) by ultrasonography. J. Zoo Wildl. Med. 29, 114-128.

SCHMITT, D. L. and T. B. HILDEBRANDT (1998): Manual collection and characterization of semen from Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Anim. Reprod. Sci. 53, 309-314.

HILDEBRANDT, T.B., GÖRITZ, F. SCHNORRENBERG, A., HERMES, R., SCHMITT, D. L., HAGAN, D., PETERSON, J., BROWN, J., LOSKUTOFF, N., PRATT, N. C., LEHNHARDT, J. L., MILLER, G., MONTALI, R. J. and D. OLSON (1999): Successful artificial insemination of African nulliparous elephants at the Indianapolis Zoo. Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 39, 41-46.

HILDEBRANDT, T.B., FRITSCH, G., HERMES, R., JEWGENOW, K., ROHLEDER, M., RUDOLPH, M.,
MALTZAN, J., WIESNER, H., PRATT, N. C., NEIFFER, D. und F. GÖRITZ (1999): Charakterisierung der Pubertät männlicher Elefanten mit Hilfe ultrasonographischer, morphologischer, endokrinologischer und spermatologischer Untersuchungsmethoden. Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 39, 27-34.

HERMES, R. OLSON, D., GÖRITZ, F., SCHMITT, D. L., HAGAN, D., PETERSON, J., BROWN, J.,

FRITSCH, G. and T. B. HILDEBRANDT (1999) Ultrasonographical characterisation of the sexual cycle in female African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 39, 35-38.
RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., GARBER, R. L., KENNEDY, M. A., LEHNHARDT, J.,

HILDEBRANDT, T.B., SCHMITT, D. L., HARDY, D., ALCENDOR, D. J. and G. S. HAYWARD (1999): Novel endotheliotropic herpesviruses fatal for Asian and African elephants. Science, 283, 1171-1176.

RICHMAN, L. K., MONTALI, R. J., HILDEBRANDT, T.B., FICKEL, J., SCHMITT, D. L., and G. S.
HAYWARD (1999): Status of a new, fatal herpesvirus disease of elephants in North America and Europe. Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 39, 17-22.

ZWART, P., IPPEN, R., FLÜGGER, M., GÖRITZ, F. and T. B. HILDEBRANDT (1999): Post mortem findings in a 60-year-old Sri Lankan elephant (Elephas maximus maximus). Verh. ber. Erkrg. Zootiere, 39, 143-148.

HERMES R, OLSON D, GÖRITZ F, BROWN JL, SCHMITT DL, HAGAN D, PETERSON JS, FRITSCH G
and TB HILDEBRANDT (2000): Ultrasonography of the sexual cycle in female African elephants (Loxodonta africana). Zoo Biology, 19, 369-382.

HILDEBRANDT TB, HERMES R, JEWGENOW K and F GÖRITZ (2000): Ultrasonography as an important tool for the development and application of reproductive technologies in non-domestic species. Theriogenology, 53, 73-84.

HILDEBRANDT TB, HERMES R, PRATT NC, FRITSCH G, BLOTTNER S, SCHMITT DL, RATANA-
KORN P, BROWN JL, RIETSCHEL W and F GÖRITZ (2000): Ultrasonography of the urogenital tract in elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus): An important tool for assessing male reproductive function. Zoo Biol. 19, 333-345.

HILDEBRANDT TB, GÖRITZ F, PRATT NC, BROWN JL, MONTALI RJ, SCHMITT DL, FRITSCH G and
R HERMES (2000): Ultrasonography of the urogenital tract in elephants (Loxodonta africana and Elephas maximus): An important tool for assessing female reproductive function. Zoo Biol. 19, 321-332.

RICHMAN LK, MONTALI RJ, SCHMITT DL, HARDY D, GARBER RL, HILDEBRANDT TB, HAMZEH F,
SHAHKOLAHI A and GS HAYWARD (2000): Clinical and pathological findings of a new endotheliotropic herpesvirus disease of elephants. J. Wildl. Dis., 36, 1-12.

DEHNHARD M, HEISTERMANN M, GÖRITZ F, HERMES R, HILDEBRANDT TB and H HABER (2001): Demonstration of 2-unsaturated C19-steroids in the urine of female Asian elephants, Elephas maximus, and their dependence on ovarian activity. Reproduction 121, 475-484.

DEHNHARD M, HILDEBRANDT TB, ROHLEDER M, STRAUSS G, MEYER HHD and F GÖRITZ (2001): Application of an Enzyme-Immunoassay (EIA) for Rapid Screening of 5a-Pregnane-3,20-dione (DHP) in Blood Plasma of the African Elephant, Loxodonta africana and the Asian Elephant, Elephas maximus. Berl Münch Tierärztl Wschr 114, 161-165.

FICKEL J, RICHMAN LK, MONTALI R, SCHAFTENAAR W, GORITZ F, HILDEBRANDT TB and C PITRA (2001): A variant of the endotheliotropic herpesvirus in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in European zoos. Vet Microbiol 82, 103-109.

JEWGENOW K, QUEST M, ELGER W, HILDEBRANDT TB, MEYER HH, STRAUSS G and F GÖRITZ (2001): Administration of antiprogestin J956 for contraception in bears: a pharmacological study. Theriogenology 56, 601-611.

Book chapter (selected)

HILDEBRANDT, T. B. and F. GÖRITZ (1996): Ultrasonography as a tool in zoo management.
In: Gansloßer U., Hodges J. K., Kaumanns W. (eds.): Research and captive propagation. Filander Verlag GmbH, Fürth, 51-58.

HILDEBRANDT, T. B. and F. GÖRITZ (1998): Use of ultrasonography in zoo animals.
In: M. E. Fowler and R. E. Miller (eds.) Zoo and wild animal medicine. Current Therapy 4. W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 41-54.

HILDEBRANDT, T. B., JL BROWN, R HERMES and F GÖRITZ (in press): In: Reproductive Sciences and Integrated Conservation. (2003) Eds. WV Holt, AR Pickard, JC Rodger, DE Wildt. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

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