European Elephant Management

Dr. Douw Grobler


1) Chemical capture of African elephants.

  • Immobilization drugs and antidotes used for elephant calves
  • Immobilization drugs and antidotes used for adult elephants
  • Tranquilization drugs used
  • General notes regarding the chemical capture and tranquilization of African elephants
  • Drug check list when immobilizing elephants

2) Common problems and diseases of African elephants:

  • Anthrax
  • Encephalo-mycarditis (EMC)
  • Herpes virus
  • Floppy trunk disease
  • Salmonellosis
  • Colic
  • Abscess formation
  • Tusk conditions
  • Hoof problems
  • Other conditions

3) Population control methods for African elephants:

  • Culling of elephants
  • Translocation
  • Immunocontraception of free-ranging African elephants
  • Permanent sterilization research work:
  • Paparoscopic reproductive sterilization of adult elephant cows
  • Laparoscopic vasectomy operations on adult elephant bulls

4) Capture and transport techniques of African elephants

  • Anatomical and physiological notes of importance during capture
  • Darting systems used for immobilization of elephants
  • Loading of immobilized elephants
  • Transportation of African elephants

5) The captive elephant population and their usages in South Africa

  • Domesticated African elephants
  • Problems with domesticated elephants
  • Four systems of elephant contact
  • Uses of domesticated elephants in South Africa

6) Situations of elephants in the wild: the South African dilemma

  • Elephant populations
  • Ecology
  • Growth rates
  • Management steps

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